For nature lovers and botanists, Madagascar is a wonderland of opportunity
- List of all pages translated in english until now ( June 2010 ) -


- MADAGASCAR Destination -

Largest of the Indian Ocean Islands ( the world's fourth-biggest island which stretches 1590 Km from North to South and reaches 590 Km at its widest point : 587 000 sq Km ), Madagascar is a land rich in diversity, both with regards to its natural wonders and endemic wild and plant life species, as well as the rich cultural background of its people. It has been relatively isolated from the outside world. Consequently it has not been exploited by the effects of mass tourism, thus remaining one of the world's great undeveloped and undiscovered eco-tourism adventure destinations. About 200 million years ago this land began to break up into the present day continents of Asia, Australasia, South America, Antarctica & Africa. Madagascar broke away from Africa about 165 million years ago. As the island drifted eastwards into the Indian Ocean, it took with it a large variety of plant and animal stowaways. Free from predators, these flourished & evolved into many different species, most of which are endemic to the island. So, Madagascar is a wonderland for the botanist & the island invites further exploration of animal, plant and birdlife, the species found nowhere else in the world.


  Your prayer will draw your way & your faith will help you to run over it
( François Gervais )

08 RAVO (Résumé)
11 GOD

01 The Deep South 1
02 The Micheline (Bus-Train)
03 The Middle West (Baobabs)
04 The Pangalanes Canal
05 The Extreme North (Diégo S)
06 Sainte Marie Island (Whales)
07 Nosy Be (Beach resort - Dive)
08 Antananarivo (the Capital)
09 From Higlands to South-West
10 Anakao (Fishermen village)
11 The Lemurs of Madagascar
12 Madagascar Ramsar Site
13 The Baobabs (West areas)
14 The Indri Indri (lemur : biggest)
15 The Mouse lemur (smallest)
16 The Sifaka (the dancer lemur)
17 The Aye Aye (archaic lemur)
18 Masoala evergreen rainforest

I am ! I exist ! God thanks alot for this existence

Blossom everywhere you stay & everywhere you go


Madagascar, the Flora :

Each climatic region in Madagascar is associated with a different vegetation type : thorny scrub in the South, tropical rainforest along the East coast, heathland & moss forest on the central highland and savannahs throughout much of the western lowlands. In each of these habitats resides a distinct set of plants & animals, most of which are found nowhere else in the world. The flora of Madagascar has its own pecularities, such as : the Ravinala also called " the Traveller's palm ", the Baobab of which there are 6 distinct species, the 9 species of Pachypodium or elephant's foot, a thousand varieties of orchids, the bizzare spiny forest of the arid South ( such as the spined Didiera & Alluaudia ) and the 60 endemic species of aloe, etc.

Madagascar, the Fauna :

The lemurs ; the other mammals such as 21 species of tenrec, 28 species of bats, little carnivorous ( mongoose, the reddish fosa - foosh -, rodents including a giant jumping rat ) ; birds : just 250 species, of which 106 are endemic ( more productive habitats include the humid forest of the North, the spiny forest of the South & the eastern rainforest : coua sp., vanga sp., the vasa parrot, the Madagascar malachite kingfisher, the crested drongo, the Madagascar fody - food - and a variety of owls, doves, cuckoos & wild ducks ) ; reptiles & amphibians : the most visible are the chameleons, which have come to represent the country nearly as well as the lemurs. Most of the world chameleons are found in Madagascar, with 2 endemic genera, the large Chameleo & the smaller Brookesia. Gecko sp., the superbly camouflaged leaf-tailed gecko, iguanas sp., the Nile crocodile ; plus 60 species of inoffensive snakes ( the most frequently observed is the Madagascar boa ) ; tortoises & marine turtles. For frogophiles, Madagascar is a paradise with 150 species of frogs & toads ( 148 of these are found only in Madagascar ) ; invertebrates : very interesting with mantids, butterflies, moths, millipedes, leeches, dragonflies, beetles, spiders & mosquitoes. The only dangerous animals in Madagascar are crocodiles, sharks & scorpions ( especially in drier areas - Active at night & inflict painful & potentially dangerous sting. Those camping in the bush should careful to check their boots, shoes, tents, backpacks, sleeping bags, clothing & ground ).

Andavadoaka - on the picture : Ravo

Talking about the different habitats of birds in Madagascar, there are 7 types : the eastern humid forest, the western deciduous forest, the southern dry forest, the coasts, the eastern wetlands, the western wetlands and the savanna.

1- Eastern Madagascar evergreen humid rainforest :

With 3 categories :
a- Lowland rainforest : below 600 m, where trees are often very tall ( up to 50 m ) and epiphytes ( especially ferns & orchids ) are very abundant. You can find : Scaly Ground-roller, Bernier's & Helmet Vangas, Red-tailed Newtonia, Red-breasted Coua, etc. This area includes Masoala Peninsula National Park.
b- Mid-altitude forest : between 600 to 1600 m, where trees become smaller ( 20 - 30 m ), epiphytes & Pandanus trees always abundant. You can find : Cryptic Warbler, Rand's Warbler, Grey-crowned Greenbul, Rufous-headed Ground-roller, Crossley's Babbler, Madagascar Magpie-Robin, Common Jeries, Hook-billed & White-headed Vangas, etc. This area includes Mantadia National Park & Andasibe Special Reserve, Ranomafana National Park and Amber Mountain National Park.
a- Montane forest : above 1600 m, where canopy is rarely more than 7 m and with very heavy moss growth, where bamboo, palms & tree-ferns are locally common.

2- Western Madagascar deciduous forest :

Occurs on sandy, calcareous or lateritic soils over the entire west of Madagascar. Canopy at between 8 to 20 m, always many epiphytes ( orchids & lianas ). You will find there a lot of bottle-trunked trees, the best known being the baobabs. Kind of birds : Red-capped , Coquerel's & Giant Coua, Van Dam's Vanga, White-breasted Mesite, Sakalava Weaver, Appert's Greenbul, etc. This area includes Kirindy Forest, Zombitse-Vohibiasa National Park.

3- Southern Madagascar dry spiny forest :

Is particular with its cactus-like trees : the endemic Didieraceae family ( Didiera sp. & Alluaudia sp. ). A 5 - 15 m high forest where you can find Running & Verreaux's Coua, Subdesert Brush-Warbler, Subdesert Mesite, Littoral Rock Thrush, Red-shouldered Vanga, Long-tailed Ground-roller, etc. Example : Berenty Private Reserve.

4- Madagascar coastal habitats :

The west coast is much richer and more diverse than the east one ; with vast mangroves, saltpans, sandy beaches, sandbars, estuaries & offshore islands, both rocky & sandy. Sometimes with coral reef islands with breeding seabirds, example a colony of Red-tailed Tropicbirds on Nosy Ve near Anakao-Toliara. You can find in interesting estuaries ( such as Mahavavy, Betsiboka, Belo sur Tsiribihina ) migrant Crab Plovers, wintering Palearctic waders, Curlew Sandpiper, Greater Sand Plover, Madagascar white Ibis, Sacred Ibis, Madagascar Teal, etc. You can find too in some islands ( such as Nosy Be, Nosy Mitsio ) Common & Lesser Noddies, Roseate Terns, Greater & Lesser Frigatebirds, Crested & Sooty Terns ; and large populations of Flamingos & migrant waders in some lakes & estuaries.

5- Eastern Madagascar wetlands :

Occur in the form of lakes, rivers & marshes. Examples Alaotra lake ( the biggest lake in Madagascar ), Pangalanes canal, Vohiparara marshes near Ranomafana National Park, Torotorofotsy & Didy marshes. There are there colonies of African Spoonbills, species of Heron, Yellow-billed Storks. And near rivers : Meller's Ducks, Madagascar Rail, Grey Emutail, etc. The vegetation is often up to 3 m tall.

6- Western Madagascar wetlands :

Occur too as lakes, rivers & marshes, but include the banks and waters of the larger rivers ( Betsiboka, Tsiribihina, Mahavavy ), the salt lake of Tsimanampetsotsa & Ihotry. Several species of waterbird are found nowhere else but in these wetlands, such as the Sakalava Rail, Madagascar Teal, Great-billed & Humblot's Herons.

7- Madagascar savannas :

Are dominated by alien grass, with vast areas of sterile landscape colonised by fire-resistant native trees such as the endemic palm Bismarckia nobilis & the Tapia tree Uapaca bojeri ( near Isalo National Park & Fianarantsoa ). The most frequent birds that you can find are Madagascar Cisticola, Madagascar Bush Lark, Madagascar Partridge, Hoopoe, Sandgrouse, Buttonquail, Namaqua Dove & Helmeted Guineafowl. Stripe-throated Jery too is very common.


Antemoro's child - Ring-tailed lemur - Giraffe-insect - Adansonia sp. Baobabs


Madagascar, the People :

Humans have come from Malaysia, Polynesia & Africa and they, themselves, evolved into many different cultures. After the Malay-Polynesians have come new arrivals ( African slaves, Arab, Portuguese traders & French colonials ), they have formed the 18 official tribes which inhabit the island today. The Afro-Asian origin of the Malagasy has produced a people who practice fascinating customs. Each tribe has its own territory, customs & traditions. The most common language is Malagasy, of which there are several dialects. No one who visits the island is left unaffected by the warmth & hospitality of the Malagasy people.

If you are the sort of traveller who craves something different and isn't put off by a bit of discomfort, Madagascar is for you.



Tany voahodidina onja
Vao topaza-maso monja
Dia mambabo fo tokoa

Zazavavy iray mihaingo,
Meva maha-te-ho tia
Ka ny elony dia laingon-
Dravinala sy rofia

Ny akanjony dia indro
Fa velory tsara voatra
Ala maitso mikirindro
No manendrika azy loatra

O ! ny Nosy manontolo,
Feno zava-tsoa miely
Samy tondraka daholo
Na ronono na tantely

( Jean Narivony )


Surrounded with ocean
In the crystal reflection,
Of a single glance
And it seduces you,

Such a charming
Ready girl
In the umbrella of ravinala
And of raffia

With a velvet cape,
Thick forest which
It becomes marvelously

O ! The whole island which
Contain treasures
The milk and the honey flow there ;
Such is the big island
There lives my heart

( Jean Narivony - Traduction Ramanatantara )



Izahay izao no mpiasa tany
Mpandao tanàna vao maraina,
Ka maizim-bava ny vilany
Vao mody indray manonitra aina

Ny fiasana na birao
Dia mora hita ka tazano
Tsy misy rindrina natao
Ny lanitra no tafon-trano

Dia manatsatoka mihoitra
Mamadi-bainga makadiry
Raha misy ahitra mipoitra
Tombohina fandrao maniry

Ny laina manko dia resena,
Fadina koa ny hakiviana
Hariva , sasatra ny tena,
Vao mba manembona fodiana

( Jean Narivony )



Farmers, for the worked ground ;
In early hour, the village we leave ;
At night black, we bring in
For our strengths, regenerate

The work or the office
Easily it sees itself ;
No walls for ours,
The sky, our roof ;

And let us be toffee-nosed, let us turn
The ground by big clods,
And cut, let us bury
Spices by boots

The laziness is to be avoided,
The despair to be banished,
The evening, exhausted,
Let us aspire to the home

( Jean Narivony - Traduction Ramanatantara )


The Carnivorous Plants (Nepenthes madagascariensis) - Y. Blanchard's picture ©


From to Madagascar, its endemic fauna and flora,

Do you want to visit another world ? I suggest you Madagascar, one of the world last bastions for wildlife discovery. Madagascar where the wild things are. Madagascar and its nature, its people, its Parks and Nature Reserves. Madagascar where you will discover the kingdom of lemurs, the kingdom of baobabs and the kingdom of chameleons. With our experiences since ... 1993, we will give you excellent advice. To organise your trip and to guide you to make your trip pleasing and unforgetable. Thank's alot for your trust.

Through wonderful beaches, through evergreen humid forests, through montane rainforests, through baobab forests and deciduous dry forests, and through savanna and euphorbia scrub. Madagascar, a big island which lies in the Indian Ocean, eastern of Africa.

Madagascar's backbone of mountains runs almost the entire length of the island, shielding the central and western areas from the Indian Ocean winds while making the eastern areas a hotbed for torrential rains. This results in 4 dramatic climates : tropical rainforest in the East, heathlands on the High-Plateau, deciduous woodlands in the West and semi-arid desert in the South. Madagascar is becoming a new destination for ecological tour lovers, for discovery tour lovers & for trekking tour lovers.

To see the best of MADAGASCAR,
I suggest you the following trip :

Madagascar, island of emotions, is a very special world. As an island, it could keep its traditions, its manners, its fauna and flora which have a highly endemic character.

Madagascar has become very attractive for people in search of discovery, emotion and trekkings.

As a professional - since 1993 - in organizing and realizing trips in Madagascar, I make the following proposal to you. A proposal where you discover the National Parks of the Great Island through its wonders. A special Trekking proposal.

A trip to Madagascar proves to be an authentic and natural experience for one who is able to do it in a sensible and intelligent way. Shall we see each other soon ? Thank you for your trust.


Day 1 : Paris – Tana – Pangalanes
Arrival in Tana. Reception at the airport and foreign exchange operation. Direction East of Madagascar in order to discover the region and the lush vegetation of the Canal of the North Pangalanes. Along the road, you will visit a private reserve ( crocodiles, butterflies, insects and you will see a great variety of chameleons of all sizes and colours ; it is the place in Madagascar where you can best observe the largest number of different species ). Cruise on the Pangalanes Canal in the late afternoon ( with a small vedette motorboat ).

Day 2 : Pangalanes
Trekking to visit a lemur reserve ( many species in the wild ; here, you will have an opportunity to see the largest species in the world, the Indri-Indri ). Splendid views and visit of a typical village in the East coast of Madagascar. Also discovery of the carnivorous Nepenthes plants.

Day 3 : Pangalanes – Tana
Return by boat via Manambato along the Pangalanes through lakes, rivers and lagunas with traps for fish ; you will occasionally see local canoes, rafts and bush-taxi boats.

Day 4 : Tana –Ambositra
Direction South of Madagascar so as to discover this region and its varied landscapes ( its red laterite houses, its innumerable terraced ricefields etc. ). Visit of workshops and stores of miniature bikes and rickshaws, of embroidery and precious and semi-precious stones along the road.

Day 5 : Ambositra
Trekking with early departure so as to discover the Zafimaniry region ( Antoetra and Ifasina ). Two very typical villages that are located far from the beaten track. You will feel completely removed from your usual surroundings in this landscapes full of valleys, hills and mountains. Zafimaniry art, due to its beauty, has been classified as World Heritage of UNESCO since 2003.

Day 6 : Ambositra – Ranomafana
Continuation on South-Eastern Madagascar through secondary and primary forests, with waterfalls and panoramic views along the road. Possibility of massage and bathing in a thermal spa in the late afternoon.

Day 7 : Ranomafana
Trekking to visit Ranomafana National Park ( to see other lemurs ) through a humid and dense tropical forest, through rivers and cascades.

Day 8 : Ranomafana – Andringitra
Continuation on South Madagascar through big granite rocks and superb terraced ricefields, on the way you discover the wonderful Betsileo region.

Day 9 : Andringitra
Trekking to visit Andringitra National Park, a mountainous region of bare granite plateau with xerophite mosses – panoramic views and waterfalls.

Day 10 : Andringitra – Isalo
Continuation on South Madagascar through its vast deserted plateaux and its large herds of zebu cattle in transhumance.

Day 11 : Isalo
Trekking to visit the Isalo National Park, a moonlike landscape, sandstone carved through the ages, similar to the Grand Canyon in the USA. Bathing in natural pools and oases along the trek.

Day 12 : Isalo – Ifaty
Continuation on South Madagascar through semi-deserted landscapes of thorn bush, through villages and Mahafaly tombs, through saphire mining villages and through sand dunes and typical Vezo fishing villages on the South-West coast of the Great Island. Possibility of bathing in the afternoon, or discovery of the typical Baobab forest of Ifaty.

Day 13 : Ifaty – Toliara – Tana
Free morning with bathing ad lib in one of the lagoons of the Mozambique Canal. Transfer to the airport in the afternoon and flight to Tana.

Day 14 : Tana- Paris
Tour of the Malagasy capital with shopping in the crafts market and visit of the Botanic and Zoological Park where you can find an almost complete range of the fauna and flora of Madagascar, as well as of its ways and customs. Discovery of the upper and lower part of the city, as well as the monuments of the city prior to transfer for the return journey to Paris.

Approximate cost : 1915 euros per person ( based on 2 persons )
Approximate cost : 1370 euros per person ( based on 4 persons )
Approximate cost : 1255 euros per person ( based on 8 persons )


All included EXCEPT : your international flights, visa, insurance, your personal expenses, tips for porters, for waiters etc., and all sorts of drinks.

You will settle ALL, once you are on the spot, as we progress ( cash, in euros ).


Anti-mosquito spray and cream, pocket torch and spare batteries, head torch if possible, swimsuits, light clothes as well as clothes to keep you warm ( for the high grounds ), cameras, small padlocks for your luggage, your personal medicines ( current antibiotics, antidiarrhoea, antiseptics, Betadine, compresses and cotton, ointment for sprains, lip salve and other personal medicines, protect yourself against malaria, e.g. follow a treatment ) sun cream, sun glasses, walking shoes or closed sports shoes, binoculars if necessary, old clothes ( children’s and adults’ ) to give here and there during the trip ( also biros, colour pencils, old dolls, teddy-bears, small balloons, etc. ) swiss knife, k-way or windcheater, hat or cap, etc. AND cash money = euros.


Other information about Madagascar :

Climate :
Madagascar boasts a tropical climate with more than half a year days of sunshine. The rainy season tends to be between December and March with the drier winter months occuring between May and September. There is however a considerable variation of both temperature and rainfall depending on the altitude and latitude. It is therefore possible to experience temperatures ranging from 0° in the highlands to 40° C on the West Coast.

Health :
Precautions should be taken against Malaria. Cover yourself well with mosquito repellant from dusk onwards and burn coils at night. Drink only bottled water and execrcise basic common sense when selecting restaurants/eating out. Take along a First Aid Kit, as Tana is the only city with a hospital which meets western standards.

Travel insurance :
It is essential to take out comprehensive medical travel insurance for Madagascar.

Language :
The most common language is Malagasy of which there are several dialects. French is widely spoken on the island except in the remote country areas. Some English is spoken in the larger cities especially amongst people working in tourism industry.

Power :
Power supply : 220 volt / European 2 prong plugs.

Madagascar Travel Tips :
Madagascar has been relatively isolated from the outside world. Consequently it has not been exploited by the effects of mass tourism, thus remaining one of the world's great undeveloped and undiscovered eco-tourism adventure destinations. Madagascar's tourism infrastructure is modest and unsophisticated, this being one of its many charms. Modern facilities are often not available, so having an adventurous spirit, keeping an open mind, and being willing to exercise understanding and patience, will surely assure you of a wonderful experience during your visit to this spectacular island of amazing contrasts. No one who visits the island is left unaffected, either by the warmth and hospitality of the Malagasy people, or the sheer majesty of the island's wilderness.


For more information, you can write to the following people. They have alot of experiences about travel and big travel. I have had the opportunity to meet them, I was their tour guide during their trip in Madagascar. Thanks alot to them to permit me to put their names and adresses on this web site. Don't hesitate to contact them and thank you so much :

MM. Richard and Cathy Condon :
MM. Rene and Janine Weemaels :
MM. Erik and Colette Segers :

This last person ( Erik Segers ) has written in « LinkedIn » :
If you want to discover Madagascar, Ravo is your man to organise your trip from A to Z. Thanks to his deep knowledge and boundless enthusiasm we had a truly first class visit of this wonderful island. Without a doubt, I do recommend, wholeheartedly.

Another person says, always in « LinkedIn » :
Ravo is an all-round tour guide and entirely devoted to his clients. Ravo will take care of everything, methodically and professionally. It’s with immense pleasure that I will ask him once more to guide me through his magnificent island, Madagascar ( Emmanuel Leborgne - Canada )

Clients' Testimonies after their trips in Madagascar :

Ravo is a real professional guide, in a country where professionalism is sometimes lacking. He is good at planning a trip, and always seizes an opportunity when there is one. An example : once our small group of eight made a short train journey, just to get the feel of train travel in Mada - as the locals call Madagascar -. It was interesting to see how the arrival of the train shook up the quiet lives of the villagers who came to the station to sell their goods and to watch and be part of the conundrum. After the train journey our two drivers with their SUVs were to come and pick us up. As it happened, they were not there when we got out of the train. Flat tyre ? engine trouble ? out of petrol ? Who knows. To make good use of the time we had to wait, Ravo took us to a nearby health centre. We could see with our own eyes how this centre was lacking in even basic medical equipment. Ravo also seized the opportunity to explain us how heath care works ( or doesn't work ) in Mada, and what the different levels of health care consist of. Ravo is a very congenial man who is always friendly and who never loses his temper. I can recommend him to any possible visitor of the splendid Isle of Madagascar.
René Weemaels ( English teacher )
Laarheide 282 - 1650 Beersel - Belgium

With 8 friends we toured for 3 weeks Madagascar from west to east. Ravo had organised the trip from A to Z and considering all the imponderables of travelling in Africa, it all turned out just great. What we particularly appreciated : his good humour and his resourcefulness under any circumstance. Just one example, the 8 of us being of unequal fitness, he always managed to find us several guides to walk us on different tracks through the various parks ( Tsingy, Isalo, Andringitra ) such that all of us would equally enjoy the journey, and we did. What to say more : try out Ravo, you won’t regret it, on the contrary, you’ll have not only a lifetime memory of a stunning country but a new ‘friend’. Colette Billiard and Erik Segers ( Belgium )

To see our Madagascar Pictures' Gallery
(more than 88 pictures), click on :

Ravo Madagascar





RATSIMBAZAFY Ravo Nomenjanahary & Pierrette
Copyright © 2000 Christian-thought
e-mail :
Phone 261 20 32 41 063 65

The Christian Counter
The Christian Counter



Webspace Provider